MAP: A Personalized Receptive Music Therapy Intervention to Improve the Affective Well-being of Youths Hospitalized in a Mental Health Unit


Journal of Music Therapy




The MAP is an innovative receptive music therapy intervention derived from psychomusical relaxation methods that aims to foster the well-being and recovery of youths with mental health problems by providing them with an adaptive and effective music-assisted means to regulate their mood states. In this quasi-experimental pilot study, we assessed the mood-enhancing potential of participation in MAP sessions delivered by a music therapist in an in-patient mental health facility for children and adolescents. Using short standardized self-reported questionnaires, 20 participants aged 9–17 years old (M = 14, SD = 2.4), mainly girls (13 = 65%), rated their affective state immediately before and after two to four MAP sessions and a similar number of regular unit activity sessions used as comparison. This created a 2 × 2 (Time × Condition) single-group within-individual design. We analyzed pre–post session changes in affect using multilevel mixed models and found participation in MAP sessions to be associated with systematic reductions in self-reported general negative affect and state anxiety. These variations were of modest-to-large magnitude and significantly greater than those associated to participation in regular unit activities. While only a first step towards the validation of the MAP as an effective intervention to foster more adaptive and effective day-to-day mood regulation in youths with mental health problems, this study supports its specific potential to alleviate negative affects and provides a rare demonstration of the putative benefits of music therapy in a pediatric mental health inpatient context. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Adol; Anxiety; Children; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Mental Health; Mood; Music Listening; Music Therapy; Psychological Outcomes; Questionnaires; Receptive Music Methods; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

receptive music therapy; emotion regulation; negative affect reduction; pilot effectiveness evaluation; Children; Adolescents; mental health; Affect; Anxiety; Emotions; Inpatients; Mental Disorders; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Pilot Projects; Relaxation Therapy; Surveys and Questionnaires; Emotional Regulation; Intervention; Treatment Effectiveness Evaluation; Emotional States; Pediatrics; Well Being; Negative Emotions; Adolescent Behavior

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Quasi-Experimental Study

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