Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of Community Singing on Mental Health-related Quality of Life of Older People: Randomised Controlled Trial


The British Journal of Psychiatry




Background: As the population ages, older people account for a greater proportion of the health and social care budget. Whereas some research has been conducted on the use of music therapy for specific clinical populations, little rigorous research has been conducted looking at the value of community singing on the mental health-related quality of life of older people. Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community group singing for a population of older people in England. Method: A pilot pragmatic individual randomised controlled trial comparing group singing with usual activities in those aged 60 years or more. Results: A total of 258 participants were recruited across five centres in East Kent. At 6 months post-randomisation, significant differences were observed in terms of mental health-related quality of life measured using the SF12 (mean difference = 2.35; 95% CI = 0.06–4.76) in favour of group singing. In addition, the intervention was found to be marginally more cost-effective than usual activities. At 3 months, significant differences were observed for the mental health components of quality of life (mean difference = 4.77; 2.53–7.01), anxiety (mean difference =71.78; 72.5 to 71.06) and depression (mean difference =71.52; 72.13 to 70.92). Conclusions: Community group singing appears to have a significant effect on mental health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression, and it may be a useful intervention to maintain and enhance the mental health of older people. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Depression; Elderly; Mental Health; Music Medicine; Quality of Life; Recreative Music Methods; Self-Report Measures; Singing a Song

Indexed Terms

mental health-related quality; community singing; cost-effectiveness; aging; randomised controlled trial; Costs and Cost Analysis; Mental Health; Quality of Life; Clinical Trials; Communities; Singing; Health Related Quality of Life

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

PubMed ID


Document Type