The Influence of Songwriting on Quality of Life of Family Caregivers of People With Dementia: An Exploratory Study


Nordic Journal of Music Therapy




Introduction: Living with a person with dementia (PWD) causes physical and psychological problems in family caregivers (FCGs), as well as a reduction in their Quality of Life (QOL). The purpose of this study was to examine the possible effectiveness of the therapeutic songwriting method for improving the QOL and well-being of FCGs of PWD. Methods: The sample of caregivers (n = 21) was divided into three homogeneous groups that received 12 intervention sessions. A non-randomized, quasi-experimental design with repeated measures (pre-post intervention) was employed to determine a possible therapeutic effect. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36v2), Beck Depression Inventory, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered before and after the intervention. Results: The results showed a decrease in anxiety and depression scores and an increase in scores of self-esteem after the intervention. Regarding QOL, post-intervention scores in the Mental Component Summary and Mental Health were significantly higher. In contrast, a small effect size was observed for difference between pre-test and post-test on the subscales of QOL: General Health, Social functioning, Role Emotional and Bodily Pain. Discussion: This exploratory study concludes that therapeutic songwriting can help to reduce caregivers’ symptoms of depression and anxiety and improve their perceived self-esteem and QOL. This work reinforces the progress made to date and provides new results that highlight the benefits of music therapy for FCGs of PWD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Anxiety; Composition; Depression; Emotional Fu; Engagement Level; Mental Health; Music Therapy; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Pain; Quality of Life; Self-Concept; Self-Report Measures; Songwriting; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

dementia; caregivers; songwriting; quality of life; Anxiety Management; Caregiver Burden; Treatment Effectiveness Evaluation; Self-Esteem; Treatment Outcomes; Well Being

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

Document Type