The Types and Characteristics of Clients' Perceptions of the Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music


Journal of Music Therapy




Background: Developed by Helen Bonny, Guided Imagery and Music (BMGIM) has mainly been used to assist people with mental health issues. In order to provide clients with the most effective therapy, we need to examine the BMGIM process from the clients' perspective, rather than the therapists.' Understanding the types and characteristics of clients' experiences within the BMGIM process would be helpful to therapists. In order to assess clients' experiences more objectively, a different research methodology is needed to measure and compare the perspectives of clients in the BMGIM process. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the types and characteristics of perceptions in clients with mental health problems of the BMGIM experience. Methods: Q methodology was used to characterize client BMGIM perceptions. Scores from Q samples were coded into Q sample scores in order to calculate Q sort collected from a P sample of 20 participants. Participants were involved in the Q sorting as Q sorters and P sample. Q factor analysis was conducted using the QUANL program. Results: The types and characteristics of the participants' perceptions were analyzed for three segments of the BMGIM session. From a factor analysis, (a) two factors were identified in the before music experience segment, (b) three factors in the during music experience segment, and (c) three factors in the after music experience segment. Conclusions: Factors that intervened in the therapeutic process of BMGIM were obtained from participants' direct GIM experiences. The knowledge of the types and characteristics of participants' perceptions of the GIM process will help therapists deliver more effective therapeutic interventions. Q methodology may also contribute to gaining a better understanding of BMGIM process. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music; Mental Health; Music Therapy; Psychological Outcomes; Subjective Reports

Indexed Terms

perceptions; Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music; mental health problems; Adaptation, Psychological; Combined Modality Therapy; Imagery (Psychotherapy); Mental Disorders; Perception; Professional-Patient Relations; Psychotherapeutic Processes; Qualitative Research; Republic of Korea; Guided Imagery; Methodology; Client Characteristics; Mental Health

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

Document Type