The Immediate Effect of African Drumming on the Mental Well-being of Adults With Mood Disorders: An Uncontrolled Pretest–posttest Pilot Study


American Journal of Occupational Therapy




Objective: This pilot study is the first to examine the effects of an occupational therapist-led African drumming group on mental well-being among adult psychiatric inpatients with mood disorders. Method: We used a quasi-experimental, uncontrolled, one-group, pretest-posttest design. We collected data for six different drumming groups (N = 13) using the Stellenbosch Mood Scale, the Primary Health Questionnaire-9, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale, and the Enjoyment of Interaction Scale. Results: Participants significantly improved on all six domains of the Stellenbosch Mood Scale, with a large clinical effect. Participants with higher self-reported anxiety and depression benefited the most. According to the Enjoyment of Interaction Scale results, all the participants enjoyed the drumming 'a great deal.' Conclusion: Our positive findings suggest that drumming may be an effective intervention for adults with acute mood disorders. We recommend further research that uses a control intervention. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety Scales; Depression; Mental Health; Mood Disorders; Mood Scales; Playing an Instrument; Psychological Outcomes; Questionnaires; Recreative Music Methods

Indexed Terms

well being; mood disorders; African drumming; occupational therapy; psychiatric inpatients; Affective Disorders; Psychiatric Patients

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

Document Type