Music Engagement and Well-being in Chinese Adolescents: Emotional Awareness, Positive Emotions, and Negative Emotions as Mediating Processes


Psychology of Music




The present study investigated the mediating processes of emotional awareness, positive emotions, and negative emotions between music engagement and well-being among Chinese adolescents. Through a process-oriented approach, the association between music engagement activities, including music listening, music instrument playing, and music training, and adolescents’ functioning were examined. A total of 1,318 Chinese adolescents at 12–15 years of age were recruited from secondary schools in Hong Kong. Findings based on structural equation modeling provided differential support for the association between music engagement and adolescents’ well-being. As cognitive and affective processes, both emotional awareness and emotions mediated between music training and well-being. Positive and negative emotions also mediated between music listening and adolescents’ well-being. Surprisingly, music instrument playing was not associated with emotional awareness, positive or negative emotions, or well-being. These findings supported previous frameworks and call attention to the emerging mechanisms underlying music engagement and well-being in adolescence. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Adolescents; Emotional Functioning; Mental Health; Playing an Instrument; Recreative Music Methods; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Music engagement; emotional awareness; positive emotions; negative emotions; well-being; adolescence; Music Education; Music Perception; Well Being; Adolescent Behavior; Auditory Perception; Awareness

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

Document Type