Music Therapy for Hospitalized Pregnant Women - The Way to Go Forward


Shmuel Arnon


Nordic Journal of Music Therapy




In this study, a total of 102 women admitted to an antenatal ward due to pregnancy-related complications were randomized to receive live music therapy or to a control group, who did not receive any intervention. Participants in the music therapy group received three half-hour music therapy sessions on three consecutive days. Participants in the control group were instructed to rest for equal intervals. The final analysis included data collected from all sessions, although only 67 participants completed all three sessions, including 33 in the music therapy group; a high drop-out rate. Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was selected as a physiological stress indicator. A special device was attached to the participant's body during the three-day study period to track and follow their HRV activity. Psychological stress and anxiety were measured using self-report instruments: The Perceived Stress Scape (PSS) and the state scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Perceived Stress Scale (STAI). Results are provided.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Heart Rate; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Music Therapy; Pregnancy; Self-Report Measures; Stress; Vital Signs

Indexed Terms

pregnancy; stress; anxiety; Women; Testing; Comparative analysis; Statistical analysis

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type