Comparing Active and Passive Distraction-based Music Therapy Interventions on Preoperative Anxiety in Pediatric Patients and Their Caregivers


Journal of Music Therapy




The purpose of this study was to investigate the comparative effectiveness of two distraction-based music therapy interventions on reducing preoperative anxiety in young pediatric surgical patients and their caregivers.MethodsA total of 40 pediatric patient and caregiver dyads undergoing ambulatory surgery were included in this study. Pediatric preoperative anxiety was measured pre- and post-intervention using the modified Yale Pediatric Anxiety Scale, while caregiver anxiety was measured through self-report using the short-form Strait-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Y6. Participants were randomized to either an active or passive intervention group for a preoperative music therapy session.ResultsResults indicated a significant reduction in preoperative anxiety for both patients and their caregivers regardless of intervention type. Neither active nor passive music therapy interventions were significantly more effective than the other.ConclusionsFor future studies, the researchers recommend an increased sample size, controlling for various factors such as sedative premedication use, and testing interventions with patients in various stages of development.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Children; Hospitalized Patients; Music Therapy; Self-Report Measures; Surgical Patients

Indexed Terms

Caregivers; Pediatrics; Intervention; Anxiety

Study Type

Randomized Controlled; Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type