A randomized control trial establishing the effectiveness of using interactive television-based art, music, and poetry therapies for treating the post-traumatic stress disorder of children exposed to traumatic events


Psychiatry Research




This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of interactive television-based music, art, and poetry therapies in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder among school children who have experienced abduction. A randomized control trial was adopted using school children from three selected secondary schools in Northern Nigeria that have experienced the issue of kidnapping. The treatment is characterized by (1) group setting, (2) TV instruction (3) school collaboration, and (4) use of artistic mediation. The study sample comprised 470 students randomly divided into a control group of 235 and an experiment group of 235. The treatment group was further divided into art (N = 78), music (N = 78) and poetry (N = 79), respectively. Results suggest that interactive television art, music and poetry therapies are an effective intervention strategy for reducing the PTSD of school children who have experienced kidnapping in Nigeria. However, art therapy is more effective in reducing PTSD. This study has offered empirical evidence that could guide the planning and implementation of therapies aimed at assisting school children to recover from traumatic experiences.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Mental Health; Trauma; Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Distress; Coping; Psychiatric Symptoms; Psychological Outcomes; Symptom Management; Children; Muisc Therapy; Expressive Arts Therapy

Indexed Terms

Children; Abduction; art therapy; Nigeria; poetry therapy; PTSD; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type