A Comparison of the Effects of Music Therapy Interventions on Depression, Anxiety, Anger, and Stress on Alcohol-dependent Clients: A Pilot Study


Music and Medicine




The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate and short-term effects of 3 different types of music therapy interventions on the levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and stress in clients with alcohol dependence. Thirty-six male clients participated in 30-minute music therapy sessions twice a week over a period of 6 weeks. The music therapy program was comprised of singing, music listening, and playing instruments. Each activity was conducted for 2 weeks and for 4 sessions. A repeated measures pretest-posttest design was used. An analysis of variance indicated no statistically significant differences in the effects of the 3 types of music therapy interventions on the levels of depression, anxiety, anger, and stress; however, participants' scores in depression, anxiety, anger, and stress were significantly reduced after participating in the music therapy sessions. In the singing activity, significant differences in depression and stress levels were found between participant-selected songs and therapist-selected songs. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

Music and Health Institute Terms

Alcohol Use, Abuse and Addiction; Anger; Anxiety; Depression; Emotional Functioning; Mental Health; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Playing an Instrument; Recorded Music Listening; Recreative Music Methods; Self-Report Measures; Singing a Song; Stress; Substance Use, Abuse and Addiction

Indexed Terms

Substance use disorders; Addiction; Social connectivity; Neuroscience; Social connectedness; Social Interaction; Treatment; Substance Use Disorder; Intervention; Neurology

Study Type

Case Study; Qualitative Methods

Document Type