Music Therapy: A Novel Motivational Approach for Dually Diagnosed Patients


Journal of Addictive Diseases




Co-occurring mental illness and addiction is very common and results in worse treatment outcomes compared to singly diagnosed addicted individuals. Integrated treatment for co-occurring disorders is associated with better treatment outcomes; however there is a wide range of what is included in integrated treatment. Due to patient and staff interests, integrated treatment often includes complementary and alternative therapies, including music and art therapy. There is a need to study how these approaches effect treatment engagement, retention, and outcome. This study was a prospective naturalistic non-randomized pilot study without a control group that sought to evaluate how participation in a music therapy program affected treatment outcomes for individuals with co-occurring mental illness and addiction. In summary, music therapy appears to be a novel motivational tool in a severely impaired inpatient sample of patients with co-occurring disorders. Future studies of music therapy in integrated co-occurring disorder setting should include a control group. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Mental Health; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Recorded Music Listening; Substance Use, Abuse and Addiction; Success of Procedure; Wellness and Well-Being; Willingness to Undergo Procedure

Indexed Terms

motivational approach; dually diagnosed patients; mental illness; addiction; comorbidity; AIDS Dementia Complex; Bipolar Disorder; Combined Modality Therapy; Depressive Disorder, Major; Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry); Mental Disorders; New York City; Pilot Projects; Prospective Studies; Psychiatric Department, Hospital; Psychotic Disorders; Schizophrenia; Substance-Related Disorders; Dual Diagnosis; Motivation

Study Type

Case Study; Qualitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type