The Use of Music to Improve Exercise Participation in People With Dementia: A Pilot Study


Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics




The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of music on exercise program participation in older adults with dementia. Participants were attendees of the adult daycare at the Lebanon Valley Brethren Home. A within subjects cross over design was used with an intervention and control condition. Participants initially assigned to the control condition performed an exercise program without music, while participants in the intervention condition performed the same exercise program with music. Age appropriate songs were specifically selected and the exercise sequence was standardized for both groups and lasted 30 min per session. After 3 weeks the conditions for the groups were switched. Participation was analyzed using videography and a tally system to document exercise program engagement. Results indicated that participation was significantly greater (p = 0.028) during the intervention (exercise with music) than during the control condition. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Adult Day Care; Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Elderly; Exercise Adherence; Music and Exercise; Neurodegenerative Disorders

Indexed Terms

exercise participation; dementia; physical therapy; Exercise

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

Document Type