Effects of Response-related Music Stimulation Versus General Music Stimulation on Positive Participation of Patients With Alzheimer's Disease


Developmental Neurorehabilitation




OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effects of response-related music stimulation versus general (response-unrelated) music stimulation on positive participation of 11 new patients with Alzheimer's disease. METHOD: The patients were functioning in the severe and low-moderate ranges of the disease. Positive participation included behaviors such as, singing or rhythmic movements and smiles. Both music conditions relied on the display of music/song videos on a computer screen. In the response-related (active) condition, the patients used a simple hand response and a microswitch to determine music stimulation inputs. In the general (unrelated/passive) condition, music stimulation was automatically presented throughout the sessions. RESULTS: Data showed that six of the 11 patients had higher levels of positive participation in the response-related stimulation condition. The remaining five patients did not have differences between the two conditions. CONCLUSION: Based on this evidence and previous findings, one might consider the use of the active condition beneficial for daily programs.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Elderly; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Positive Verbalizations; Recreative Music Methods; Rhythmic Sensory Stimulation; Singing a Song

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Alzheimer Disease; Alzheimer’s disease; microswitch; music stimulation; self-regulation

Study Type

Case Study; Qualitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type