Assessment of Active Music Participation as an Indication of Subsequent Music Making Engagement for Persons With Midstage Dementia


American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias




Persons with midstage dementia and in special care (N = 45) were assessed in groups by a music therapy practitioner to determine the level of engagement in a 15-minute protocol that included a five-minute segment for each of three music activity types--rhythm playing, exercising with music, and singing. Activity staff with little to no formal music training who were employed by the facility were taught to use the protocol to conduct eight subsequent activity sessions for small groups from which activity engagement data were collected for each subject. Results indicated the protocol was accessible and successful for indigenous activity staff, initial assessments were strong predictors of subsequent engagement, and participation levels were stable over time and across each of the three activities.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Engagement Level; Long-Term Care Facility; Music and Exercise; Music Entrainment; Music Therapy; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Receptive Music Methods; Recreative Music Methods; Singing a Song

Indexed Terms

Attention; Dementia; Movement

Study Type

Case Study; Qualitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type