Tailored Music Listening in Persons With Dementia: A Feasibility Randomized Clinical Trial


American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias




Introduction: This study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of tailored music listening intervention on sleep disturbances in older adults with dementia and their caregivers. Methods: We randomly assigned 33 older adults with dementia (mean age 71.7 [SD: 7.1], 72.7% female, 81.8% African American/Black) and their caregivers (mean age 58.4 [SD: 16.7], 72.7% female, 84.8% African American/Black) to a wait-list control or intervention group (NCT04157244). Results: The music intervention was feasible as evidenced by high study measure completion and retention rates (>90%). Recruitment was stopped prematurely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We found mixed acceptability results from the survey and qualitative interviews with the participants. Both groups improved on objective sleep outcomes of sleep latency and wake sleep after onset. We found a small effect size for sleep duration post-intervention. Discussion: The findings provide preliminary evidence for the feasibility of a tailored music intervention and identified ways to improve its acceptability.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Neurodegenerative Disorders; Alzheimer's and Related Dementias; Sleep Wake Disorders; Sleep Quality; Observational Measures; Subjective Measures; Caregivers; Music Medicine; Music Listenining; Recorded Music LIstenining

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Dementia; Pandemics; Alzheimer’s disease; aging; caregivers; clinical research; cognitive impairment; Feasibility Studies

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantiative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type