The Effects of Music on Cardiac Patients on Bed Rest


Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing




Hospitalizations that require invasive cardiac procedures or support with an intra-aortic balloon pump can be unsettling. This study was undertaken to measure the effect of a music intervention on physiologic and psychological responses of patients on bed rest due to procedural sheaths or an intra-aortic balloon pump. A randomized, two-group, pretest/post-test design was utilized to measure the effect of a 30-minute music intervention on heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, skin temperature, pain perception, and mood states. One hundred forty subjects participated, 65 in the control group and 75 in the treatment group. There were no significant differences between the groups in demographic, clinical, or baseline variables, except for respiratory rate. After the music intervention, there were reductions in blood pressure, respiratory rate, and psychological distress, as measured by the Profile of Mood States (p < 0.05). Music appeared to affect selected physiologic responses and reduce psychological distress in patients on bed rest.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Blood Pressure; Body Temperature; Cardiovascular Diseases; Coronary Procedures; Distress; Heart Rate; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Invasive Medical Procedures; Mood; Mood Scales; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Score or Rating; Recorded Music Listening; Respiratory Rate; Self-Report Measures; Vital Signs

Indexed Terms

Affect; Elderly; Bed Rest; Blood Pressure; Heart Diseases; Heart Rate; Monitoring, Physiologic; Pain; Respiration; Skin Temperature; Stress

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type