The Use of Music in the Chronic Pain Experience: An Investigation Into the Use of Music and Music Therapy by Patients and Staff at a Hospital Outpatient Pain Clinic


Music and Medicine (Online)




This study uses mixed methodology research to examine the use of music in the chronic pain experience. One hundred and seven adult patients attending an outpatient pain clinic at a general hospital completed a patient survey. 91% rated music as somewhat important to them, 69% benefit from music listening and 43% changed their use of music due to chronic pain. 56% of respondents had an interest in availing of music therapy as part of their treatment. Three themes found in the qualitative results (music for relaxation, positive response to music and music for coping) corresponded with the highly rated reasons for listening to music in the quantitative survey (enjoyment, relaxation and tension relief). Music listening was more common than active participation in music. Seven staff members completed surveys on their use of music and thoughts on music therapy in this setting. Staff rated music as very beneficial for people with chronic pain and 100% saw a role for music therapy in the treatment of patients with chronic pain. This study is one of few to map how people with chronic pain use music to self-care and to explore the role of music therapy in a hospital out-patient pain department. It offers potential for music therapy to be offered as a non-pharmacological intervention to assist people in developing music-based resources and strategies for managing chronic pain. Further investigation is recommended.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Chronic Pain; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Music Therapy; Music and Relaxation; Pain; Pain Clinic; Receptive Music Methods; Recorded Music Listening; Recreative Music Methods; Relaxation; Relaxation Levels; Tension

Indexed Terms

Pain; Listening

Study Type

Mixed Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type