Evaluation of Audio Analgesia for Restorative Care in Children Treated Using Electronic Dental Anesthesia


Z. D. Baghdadi


The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry




The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of music and white noise in the management of sensitive children treated using electronic dental anesthesia for restorative care. Sound (music and random noise) was used in combination with electronic dental anesthesia in 16 pediatric patients, who have been found to have low pain tolerances during operative procedures under electronic anesthesia alone. Pain was assessed by means of two scales, the color scale and the sound, eye and motor scale. Behavior was assessed through use of the North Carolina Behavior Rating Scale. The comfort was evaluated mainly during penetration of the dentin-enamel junction of the tooth. A procedure involving music and "noisy" music has been effective in 14 children. The music promoted relaxation, whereas the "noise" in combination with electronic signals suppressed pain. It has been demonstrated that audio analgesia and electronic dental anesthesia are quite compatible and may be used with considerable success in combination in difficult circumstances.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Audio Analgesia; Behavioral Scales; Children; Dental Procedures; Medical Office; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Music in Combination with Other Techniques; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Tolerance; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Relaxation; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Anesthesia, Dental; Audioanalgesia; Children; Child Behavior; Dental Restoration, Permanent; Noise; Observer Variation; Pain; Pain Measurement; Relaxation Therapy; Reproducibility of Results; Statistics as Topic; Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

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Document Type