The Effect of Music on Pain and Acute Confusion in Older Adults Undergoing Hip and Knee Surgery


Holistic Nursing Practice




The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music listening in older adults following hip or knee surgery. Acute confusion and pain after surgery can increase length of stay and reduce function. Study results demonstrate a reduction in acute confusion and pain and improved ambulation and higher satisfaction scores in older adults who listened to music.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Confusion; Elderly; Hospital Length of Stay; Hospital Setting; Mobility; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Orthopedic Surgery; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Patient Satisfaction; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Surgery; Surgical Patients

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee; Confusion; Geriatric Assessment; Holistic Nursing; Nursing Assessment; Nursing Evaluation Research; Pain; Pain Management; Pain Measurement; Postoperative Care

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type