Effects of Music Therapy on Pain, Discomfort, and Depression for Patients With Leg Fractures


Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi




PURPOSE: To determine the effects of music therapy on pain, discomfort, and depression for patients with leg fractures. METHODS: Data were collected from 40 patients admitted in an orthopedic surgery care unit. The subjects included 20 intervention group members and 20 control group members. Music therapy was offered to intervention group members once a day for 3 days for 30-60 minutes per day. Pain was measured with a numeric rating scale and by measuring vital signs. Discomfort and depression were measured with self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: Patients who received music therapy had a lower degree of pain than patients who did not receive music therapy as measured by the numeric pain score (p<0.001), systolic blood pressure (p<0.01), diastolic blood pressure (p<0.001), pulse rate (p<0.001) and respiration (p<0.001). Patients who were provided with music therapy also had a lower degree of discomfort than patients who were not provided with this therapy (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that music therapy is an effective method for decreasing pain and dis-comfort for patients with leg fractures.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Blood Pressure; Depression; Discomfort; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Mood Scales; Musculoskeletal Pain; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Orthopedic Surgery; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Pulse Rate; Questionnaires; Recorded Music Listening; Respiratory Rate; Self-Report Measures; Surgery; Surgical Patients; Vital signs

Indexed Terms

Analysis of Variance; Depressive Disorder; Fractures, Bone; Leg; Pain

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type