The Effects of Music on Pain Perception of Stroke Patients During Upper Extremity Joint Exercises


S. J. Kim
I. Koh


Journal of Music Therapy




The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music therapy on pain perception of stroke patients during upper extremity joint exercises. Ten stroke patients (1 male and 9 females) ranging in age from 61 to 73 participated in the study. Music conditions used in the study consisted of: (a) song, (b) karaoke accompaniment (same music to condition A except singers' voices), and (c) no music. Exercise movements in this study included hand, wrist, and shoulder joints. During the 8-week period music therapy sessions, subjects repeated 3 conditions according to the randomized orders and subjects rated their perceived pain on a scale immediately after each condition. The General Linear Model (GLM) Repeated Measures ANOVA revealed that there were no significant differences in pain rating across the three music conditions. However, positive affects and verbal responses, while performing upper extremity exercises with both music and karaoke accompaniment music, were observed using video observations.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Elderly; Joint Pain; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Physical Therapy; Positive Verbalizations; Recorded Music Listening; Rehabilitation Exercises; Self-Report Measures; Stroke

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Analysis of Variance; Arm; Exercise Therapy; Hemiplegia; Korea; Pain; Pain Management; Pain Measurement; Patient Satisfaction; Stroke; Stroke Rehabilitation; Time Factors

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type