Listening to Music During Electromyography Does Not Influence the Examinee's Anxiety and Pain Levels


Muscle & Nerve




INTRODUCTION: Listening to music is a low-cost intervention that has demonstrated ability to reduce pain and anxiety levels in various medical procedures. METHODS: Subjects undergoing electrophysiological examinations were randomized into a music-listening group and a control group. Visual analog scales were used to measure anxiety and pain levels during the procedure. RESULTS: Thirty subjects were randomized to each group. No statistically significant difference was found in anxiety or pain levels during the procedure between groups. However, most subjects in the music-listening group reported anxiety and pain reduction and would prefer to hear music in a future examination. CONCLUSIONS: Although listening to music during electrophysiological examinations did not reduce anxiety or pain significantly, most subjects felt a positive effect and would prefer to hear music; therefore, we suggest that music may be offered optionally in the electromyography laboratory setting.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Noninvasive Procedures; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Visual Analog Scale (VAS)

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Anxiety; Electromyography; Neural Conduction; Neurologic Examination; Pain; Pain Measurement; Prospective Studies; Reproducibility of Results; Surveys and Questionnaires; anxiety; electrodiagnosis; electromyography; integrative medicine; pain

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type