Music and 25% Glucose Pain Relief for the Premature Infant: A Randomized Clinical Trial


Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem




Objective: To analyze the total Premature Infant Pain Profile scores of premature infants undergoing arterial puncture during music and 25% glucose interventions, and to assess their association with neonatal and therapeutic variables. Method: A randomized clinical trial with 80 premature infants; 24 in the Experimental Group 1 (music), 33 in the Experimental Group 2 (music and 25% glucose), 23 in the Positive Control Group (25% glucose). All premature infants were videotaped and a lullaby was played for ten minutes before puncture in Experimental Groups 1 and 2; 25% glucose administered in Experimental Group 2 and the Positive Control Group two minutes before puncture. Results: 60.0% of premature infants had moderate or maximum pain; pain scores and intervention groups were not statistically significant. Statistically significant variables: Experimental Group 1: head and chest circumference, Apgar scores, corrected gestational age; Experimental Group 2: Chest circumference, Apgar scores, oxygen therapy; Positive Control group: Birth weight, head circumference. Conclusion: Neonatal variables are associated with pain in premature infants. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: UTN: Ullll-1123-4821. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Hospital Setting; Infants; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Newborn Infants; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Premature Infants; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Vital signs

Indexed Terms

Infants; Newborn; Neonatal Nursing; Randomized Controlled Trial; Pain; Glucose; Nursing; Premature Birth; Clinical Trials; Intervention

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

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