An Investigation of the Effects of Music on Anxiety and Pain Perception in Patients Undergoing Haemodialysis Treatment


Journal of Health Psychology




This study aimed to investigate the effects of preferred music listening on anxiety and pain perception in patients undergoing haemodialysis. A two group experimental design was used. Sixty people diagnosed with end stage renal failure undergoing haemodialysis treatment participated in this study. Preferred music listening was applied as an intervention. Anxiety and pain were measured pre-test and post-test. The control group scored significantly higher in state anxiety than the experimental group and experienced significantly higher pain intensity in post-test phase. Findings provide experimental evidence to support the effectiveness of preferred music listening in medical settings.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Dialysis; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Severity; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Terminally Ill

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Analgesics; Anxiety; Fear; Kidney Failure, Chronic; Pain; Pain Measurement; Personality Inventory; Psychometrics; Renal Dialysis; Sex Factors; Sick Role

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type