Effect of Music on Pain for Home-dwelling Persons With Dementia


H. Park


Pain Management Nursing




The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of music on pain for home-dwelling persons with dementia. A quasiexperimental design was used. Fifteen subjects listened to their preferred music for 30 minutes before peak agitation time, for 2 days per week, followed by no music for 2 weeks. The process was repeated once. The finding of this study showed that mean pain levels after listening to music were significantly lower than before listening to the music (t=2.21, df=28; p < .05). The findings of this pilot study suggest the importance of music intervention to control pain for home-dwelling persons with dementia.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Home Setting; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Analysis of Variance; Assisted Living Facilities; Attitude to Health; Dementia; Factor Analysis, Statistical; Home Care Services; Iowa; Mental Status Schedule; Nursing Evaluation Research; Pain; Pain Measurement; Pilot Projects; Severity of Illness Index

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type