Effect of Music Therapy on Postoperative Pain Management in Gynecological Patients: A Literature Review


Pain Management Nursing




Unrelieved postoperative pain may have a negative impact on the physiological and psychological well-being of patients. Pharmacological methods are currently used to relieve such pain in gynecological patients; however, inadequate pain control is still reported, and the use of nonpharmacological pain-relieving methods is increasingly being advocated, one of which is music therapy. The purpose of this literature review was to identify, summarize, and critically appraise current evidence on music therapy and postoperative pain management among gynecological patients. A systematic search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, British Nursing Index, and Allied and Complementary Medicine was conducted using the search terms music, gynecological, pain, surgery, operative, and post-operative to identify relevant articles in English from 1995 to the present. All identified articles were assessed independently for inclusion into review. A total of 7 articles were included after removal of duplicates and exclusion of irrelevant studies. All the included studies assessed the effects of music therapy on postoperative pain intensity, and three of them measured pain-related physiological symptoms. The findings indicated that music therapy, in general, was effective in reducing pain intensity, fatigue, anxiety, and analgesic consumption in gynecological patients during the postoperative period. It is recommended as an adjunct to pharmacological pain-relieving methods in reducing postoperative pain. Future researches on music therapy to identify the most effective application and evaluate its effect by qualitative study are recommended.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Analgesic Intake; Anxiety; Fatigue; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Medication Use; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Obstetrical/Gynecological Surgery; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Severity; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Recorded Music Listening; Surgery; Surgical Patients

Indexed Terms

Gynecologic Surgical Procedures; Pain Management; Postoperative Pain

Study Type

Systematic Review; Quantitative Methods

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