The Effects of Therapeutic Instrumental Music Performance on Endurance Level, Self-perceived Fatigue Level, and Self-perceived Exertion of Inpatients in Physical Rehabilitation


Journal of Music Therapy




The present study investigated the effects of a Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT) sensory-motor rehabilitation technique, Therapeutic Instrumental Music Performance (TIMP) as compared to Traditional Occupational Therapy (TOT), on endurance, self-perceived fatigue, and self-perceived exertion of 35 hospitalized patients in physical rehabilitation. The present study attempted to examine whether an active musical experience such as TIMP with musical cueing (i.e., rhythmic auditory cueing) during physical exercises influences one's perception of pain, fatigue, and exertion. All participants were diagnosed with a neurologic disorder or had recently undergone orthopedic surgery. Investigators measured the effects of TOT and TIMP during upper extremity exercise of the less affected or stronger upper extremity. Results showed no significant difference on endurance measures between the 2 treatment conditions (TIMP and TOT). Statistically significant differences were found between TIMP and TOT when measuring their effects on perceived exertion and perceived fatigue. TIMP resulted in significantly less perception of fatigue and exertion levels than TOT. TIMP can be used for an effective sensory-motor rehabilitation technique to decrease perceived exertion and fatigue level of inpatients in physical rehabilitation. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

Music and Health Institute Terms

Endurance Level; Fatigue; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Music Therapy; Orthopedic Surgery; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Physical Therapy; Playing an Instrument; Postoperative Pain; Recreative Music Methods; Rehabilitation Exercises; Self-Perceived Exertion

Indexed Terms

Rehabilitation; Fatigue; Clinical medicine; Brain damage; Aged, 80 & over; Exercise; Inpatients; Postoperative Care; Upper Extremity; Elderly; Psychotherapy, Group; Orthopedic Procedures; Pain Management; Physical Endurance; Nervous System Diseases

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID

873589138; 21938889

Document Type