Impact of Music on Anxiety and Pain Control During Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy: A Protocol for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis






BACKGROUND: The present evidence is insufficient for evaluating the impact of exclusive music therapy on anxiety and pain control in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to explore the efficacy of music therapy in reducing pain and anxiety in patients undergoing ESWL. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases (updated March 2020) were searched for randomized controlled trials assessing music therapy in reducing pain and anxiety in patients undergoing ESWL. The search strategy and study selection process were managed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, music intervention groups experienced significant reductions in pain (risk ratios = -1.20, 95% confidence intervals = -1.95 to -0.45, P = .002) and anxiety (risk ratios?=?-3.31, 95% confidence intervals?=?-4.97 to -1.84, P?

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Hospital Setting; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Noninvasive Procedures; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Patient Satisfaction; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Willingness to Undergo Procedure

Indexed Terms

Anxiety; Lithotripsy; Pain Management; Procedural Pain; Patient Satisfaction; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic; Research Design

Study Type

Meta-Analysis; Quantitative Methods; Systematic Review

PubMed ID


Document Type