A Randomized Pilot Study of Music Therapy in the Form of Patient-preferred Live Music on Fatigue, Energy and Pain in Hospitalized Adult Oncology Patients on a Blood and Marrow Transplant Unit


Arts & Health




INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of randomized research measuring how music therapy might influence fatigue in oncology patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized pilot study was to evaluate the effects of music therapy in the form of patient-preferred live music (PPLM) on fatigue, energy and pain in adults hospitalized on a blood and marrow transplant (BMT) unit. METHOD: Participants (n = 35) were randomly assigned to an experimental or wait-list control group and completed the Lee Fatigue Scale and a 10-point Likert-type pain scale at pre- and posttest. RESULTS: Between-group posttest results were statistically significant for fatigue and pain, with the experimental group having less fatigue and pain than the control group. CONCLUSIONS: PPLM can be a preferred and effective intervention to immediately lessen fatigue and pain without pharmacological intervention. Implications for clinical practice, limitations and suggestions for future research are provided.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Cancer; Fatigue; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Likert Scale; Live Music Listening; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Organ Transplantation; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Self-Report Measures; Surgery

Indexed Terms

Bone Marrow Transplantation; Fatigue; Hospitalization; Medical Oncology; Neoplasms; Pain; Patient Preference; Pilot Projects; United States; blood; cancer; marrow; oncology; patient-preferred live music; randomized; transplant

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

PubMed ID


Document Type