The Effect of Music Therapy During Colonoscopy on Pain, Anxiety and Patient Comfort: A Randomized Controlled Trial


Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice.




BACKGROUND: and purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of music therapy on pain, anxiety, and patient comfort during colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized, controlled, intervention study, which included 112 patients that underwent colonoscopy. The patients were randomized into the intervention group (n = 56) that was given 30-minute music therapy during the colonoscopy and the control group (n = 56) without any intervention other than routine nursing care. The data were collected using an information and observation form, the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. RESULTS: The pain and anxiety scores were lower in the intervention group whereas comfort score was higher than control group (p < 0.05). The pain and anxiety levels of the patients in the intervention group decreased after the colonoscopy and their comfort levels increased. CONCLUSIONS: The music therapy reduced pain and anxiety, increased comfort during colonoscopy.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Discomfort; Hospital Setting; Invasive Medical Procedures; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Procedural Pain; Questionnaires; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Visual Analog Scale (VAS)

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Anxiety; Colonoscopy; Pain; Patient Comfort; Visual Analog Scale; Anxiety; Colonoscopy; Pain; Patient comfort; None; Baydur H, None.

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

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