Analgesic Effect of Music During Wound Care Among Patients With Diaphyseal Tibial Fractures: Randomized Controlled Trial


European Journal of Pain




BACKGROUND: Evidence is scarce regarding the analgesic effect of music for the relief of acute pain during the care of surgical tibial fracture wounds. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic effect of music on acute procedural pain during the care of surgical tibial fracture wounds. METHOD: This was a randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial with 70 patients in the immediate postoperative period for diaphyseal tibial fracture surgery. Participants were randomly allocated to two groups: a control group (CG), in which patients received only the institution's standard analgesia, and an intervention group (IG) composed of patients receiving a 30-min session of music of their own choice, as a complementary method to the institution's standard analgesia. Pain was evaluated during the first postoperative dressing change, using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). RESULTS: The sample was homogeneously composed of men (91.4%), young adults (61.4%), without previous diseases (88.6%) and whose traumas were related to a motorcycle crash (84.3%). The main musical genres chosen by participants were the most popular in their region (61.4%). Those who listened to music presented lower pain scores when compared with those in the CG (IG:2.4 ± 2.4 versus CG:5.8 ± 2.7; p < 0.001; ?(2) = 0.171; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Listening to music is effective for relieving acute procedural pain during the first post-operative tibial fracture dressing change. Music should be incorporated into the multimodal analgesia protocols for management of orthopedic postoperative wound care-related pain. SIGNIFICANCE: Patients with diaphyseal tibial fractures that listened to music before and during the wound dressing change showed less pain when compared to those who received the standardized pharmacologic analgesia alone.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Acute Pain; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Postoperative Patients; Procedural Pain; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Surgical Patients; Wound Care; Wound Pain

Indexed Terms

Analgesics; Pain Management; Postoperative Pain; Procedural Pain; Tibial Fractures

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

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