The Effects of Listening to Music on Anxiety, Pain, and Satisfaction during Urodynamic Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial


Urologia Internationalis




INTRODUCTION: To assess the influence of music therapy on perceived anxiety and pain during outpatient urodynamic study (UDS) in a prospective, randomized fashion. METHODS: Between January and December 2018, a total of 70 patients were randomized to either have music therapy (study) or not have (control) in a 1:1 ratio. To the study group, Sufi music was delivered at low tempo. All participants performed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory evaluation after the procedure and assessed their degree of pain, satisfaction, and willingness to undergo an additional or repeat procedure using the Visual Analog Scale. RESULTS: Patient demographic and baseline characteristics were found to be similar between the 2 groups. Though music did not significantly alleviate pain (4.6 ± 1.2 vs. 4.4 ± 1.7; p = 0.76) and anxiety (47.7 ± 7.75 vs. 46.4 ± 6.5; p = 0.36), it had a positive impact on the patient's willingness to repeat UDS (3.4 ± 1.4 vs. 6.1 ± 1.3; p = 0.005) and provided overall satisfaction (4.6 ± 0.61 vs. 7.2 ± 1.33; p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Music is a practical, harmless, and inexpensive non-pharmacological option that can be adopted during medical and surgical procedures, although according to this present study, listening to music during UDS had no effect on pain and anxiety levels.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Invasive Medical Procedures; Medical Office; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Patient Satisfaction; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Visual Analog Scale (VAS); Willingness to Undergo Procedure

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Anxiety; Diagnostic Techniques, Urological; Pain; Pain Management; Patient Satisfaction; Prospective Studies; Urodynamics; Satisfaction; State-trait anxiety inventory; Urodynamic study; Visual Analog Scale

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

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