Effectiveness of Music Interventions for Women With High Anxiety During Coronary Angiographic Procedures: A Randomized Controlled


U. Nilsson


Europena Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing




The purpose was to investigate if women with high pre-procedural anxiety reported higher degree of relaxation and comfort if listening to music during coronary angiographic procedures. A prospective randomized controlled trial was used included 68 patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or PCI. The women were allocated to receive calming music and standard care or standard care only. Relaxation, environmental sound and discomfort associated with lying still were assessed. There was significantly more positive impression of the sound environment and less discomfort associated with lying still in women listening to music in comparison to women who received only standard care. No effect in relaxation was found.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Cardiovascular Diseases; Coronary Procedures; Discomfort; Gender Disparities; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Invasive Medical Procedures; Mental Relaxation; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Recorded Music Listening; Relaxation; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Angina Pectoris; Anxiety; Coronary Angiography; Relaxation Therapy

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

PubMed ID


Document Type