Non-pharmacologic Labour Pain Relief


Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand




Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity. The trials included three trials of hypnosis (n = 189), one involving audio-analgesia (n = 25), one involving (n = 22), and one trial of music (n = 30). Women receiving hypnosis were more satisfied with their pain management in labour compared with controls (RR 2.33, 95% CI 1.55 to 4.71). No differences were seen for women recieving, music or audio analgesia. Hypnosis may be beneficial for the management of pain during labour. However, few complementary therapies have been subjected to proper scientific study.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Childbirth; Gender Disparities; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Labor Pain; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pregnancy; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Biofeedback, Psychology; Hypnosis; Labor Pain; Labor, Obstetric; Pregnancy; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

PubMed ID


Document Type