Effects of music therapy on pain relief during fundus screening in infants: Randomized controlled clinical trial






BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy of music therapy on pain relief during fundus screening in infants. METHODS: The sample consisted of infants aged 0 to 3 months who required fundus screening. Infants were randomized to fast music, slow music, and control groups. All groups underwent fundus screening under topical anesthesia. Music therapy was provided to the music groups prior to, during, and after the operation. The patient's heart rate (HR), transcutaneous oxygen saturation, and crying decibel were measured. The Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability scale was used for pain measurement. RESULTS: A total of 300 subjects' data were collected. The quantitative analysis revealed that in both music groups, peripheral capillary oxygen saturation and satisfaction levels increased while pain scores decreased (P < .05). The slow music group's HR was shown to have significantly decreased (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Music therapy can effectively reduce pain and crying, and increase blood oxygen saturation during fundus examination of infants. Music with a rhythm of 60 to 80 beats per minute can decrease HR. Music therapy must be remembered to increase infants' comfort during fundus examination.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Pain; Procedural Pain; Noninvasive Procedures; Pain Management and Control; Anxiety; Distress; Observational MEasures; Physiological Measures; Infants; Music Medicine; Music LIstening; Recorded Music LIstening

Indexed Terms

Pain; Pain Management; Infants; Newborn Infants

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type