Effects of music therapy on mood, pain, and satisfaction in the neurologic inpatient setting


Disability and Rehabilitation: An International, Multidisciplinary Journal




Purpose: Music therapy (MT) has been used in health care settings for a wide variety of treatment goals. Many inpatients with neurologic impairments struggle with low mood and pain for which MT may be a novel adjunct treatment. The aims of this study were to: (1) evaluate change in mood and pain following a single MT session; (2) explore the impact of an MT program on mood, pain and satisfaction from the perspective of the patient, family and staff. Materials and methods: A mixed-methods study was conducted. Forty participants completed pre/post MT surveys evaluating mood, pain and satisfaction. Individual semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with 14 MT program participants (inpatients), 5 family members of participants and 16 staff. Results: There was significant improvement in mood (p < 0.001) and decrease in pain (p < 0.05) from pre-to-post MT with 74% reporting being 'very satisfied' with the session. 'Benefits of MT' was the overarching theme of the qualitative data. Subthemes were emotional regulation, pain management, effects on self-concept, enjoyment, and social connectedness. Conclusions: Improvements in mood and pain were reported from pre-to-post MT session and in interviews. Further evaluation of MT effectiveness against standard of care rehabilitation and cost implications is required. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Pain; Pain Management and Control; Mood; Patient Satisfaction; Interpersonal Relations; Self-Conceptl; Emotional Functioning; Subjective Measures; Inpatient Rehabilitation; Music Therapy

Indexed Terms

Pain; pain; Hospitalized Patients; brain injury; Emotional States; mood; rehabilitation; Rehabilitation; Spinal Cord Injuries; spinal cord injury

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantiative Methods

Document Type