A Randomized Controlled Trial Exploring the Effect of Music on Quality of Life and Depression in Older People With Dementia


Journal of Health Psychology




This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of live music on quality of life and depression in 47 older people with dementia using the Dementia Quality of Life and Geriatric Depression Scale. The control/reading group reported higher mid-point feelings of belonging than the music group (F(1, 45) = 6.672, p < .05). Sub-analyses of >or= 50 per cent music session attendance found improvements in self-esteem over time (F(2, 46) = 4.471, p < .05). Participants with scores that were suggestive of increased depressive symptoms had fewer depressive symptoms over time (F(2, 22) = 8.129, p < .01). Findings suggest music and reading activities can improve self-esteem, belonging and depression in some older people with dementia.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Depression; Elderly; Interpersonal Problems; Live Music Listening; Mental Health; Mood Scales; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Quality of Life; Self-Concept; Self-Report Measures; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Alzheimer Disease; Bibliotherapy; Cross-Over Studies; Depressive Disorder; Homes for the Aged; Mental Status Schedule; Nursing Homes; Quality of Life; Queensland

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

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Document Type