A Group Music Intervention Using Percussion Instruments With Familiar Music to Reduce Anxiety and Agitation of Institutionalized Older Adults With Dementia


International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry




OBJECTIVE: This experimental study aimed to evaluate the effects of a group music intervention on anxiety and agitation of institutionalized older adults with dementia. METHODS: A total of 60 participants were randomly assigned to an experimental or a control group. The experimental group received a 30-min music intervention using percussion instruments with familiar music in a group setting in mid afternoon twice weekly for 6 weeks, whereas the control group received usual care with no music intervention. The Rating of Anxiety in Dementia scale was used to assess anxiety, and Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory was used to assess agitation at baseline, week 4 and week 6. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of covariance indicated that older adults who received a group music intervention had a significantly lower anxiety score than those in the control group while controlling for pre-test score and cognitive level (F = 8.98, p = 0.004). However, the reduction of agitation between two groups was not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and agitation are common in older adults with dementia and have been reported by caregivers as challenging care problems. An innovative group music intervention using percussion instruments with familiar music as a cost-effective approach has the potential to reduce anxiety and improve psychological well-being of those with dementia.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Calmness; Elderly; Mental Health; Music Medicine; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Playing an Instrument; Psychological Outcomes; Questionnaires; Recreative Music Methods; Self-Report Measures; Wellness and Well-Being

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Analysis of Variance; Anxiety; Dementia; Outcome Assessment, Health Care; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Psychomotor Agitation; Psychotherapy, Group; Residential Facilities; Taiwan

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type