Music Therapy in Patients With Dementia and Behavioral Disturbance on an Inpatient Psychiatry Unit: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Study


International Psychogeriatrics




The prevalence of dementia continues to grow worldwide due to an aging population and is projected to affect 65.7 million people by 2030 (World Health Organization, 2012). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), including agitation, anxiety, aggression, depression, and psychosis, can occur in as much as 80% of the affected population, frequently necessitating psychiatric admission. Traditionally BPSD have been treated using pharmacological approaches. However, such medications could have serious adverse effects and additionally have limited efficacy in reducing such symptoms (Ballard et al., 2009).

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Calmness; Depression; Elderly; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Mental Health; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Neurodegenerative Disorders; Psychological Outcomes; Recorded Music Listening; Symptom Management

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Elderly; Behavioral Symptoms; Dementia; Inpatients; Pilot Projects; Psychomotor Agitation

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type