The Effect of Different Types of Music on Patients' Preoperative Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial


Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice




OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine effect of three different types of music on patients' preoperative anxiety. METHOD: This randomized controlled trial included 180 patients who were randomly divided into four groups. While the control group didn't listen to music, the experimental groups respectively listened to natural sounds, Classical Turkish or Western Music for 30 min. The State Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR) and cortisol levels were checked. FINDINGS: The post-music STAI-S, SBP, DBP, HR and cortisol levels of the patients in music groups were significantly lower than pre-music time. All types of music decreased STAI-S, SBP, and cortisol levels; additionally natural sounds reduced DBP; Classical Turkish Music also decreased DBP, and HR. CONCLUSIONS: All types of music had an effect on reducing patients' preoperative anxiety, and listening to Classical Turkish Music was particularly the most effective one.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Blood Pressure; Cortisol; Heart Rate; Hospital Setting; Mental Health; Mental Health Hormone Levels; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Stress; Surgery; Surgical Patients; Vital Signs

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Anxiety; Anxiety Disorders; Blood Pressure; Heart Rate; Hydrocortisone; Preoperative Care; Turkey; Cortisol levels; Preoperative anxiety

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type