Empirical Analysis on the Influence of Music Speed and Music Mode on the Emotions of College Students

Zhikui Cheng

Abstract

The mental health of many college students is not optimistic. A viable solution to the problem lies in music therapy. However, it is not yet clear how each attribute of music, namely, speed and mode, affects the emotional regulation effect. To make up for the gap, this paper empirically analyses the influence of music speed and music mode on the emotions of college students. A total of 92 undergraduate students were selected from a university, and divided into four groups for our 2×2 orthogonal experiment. The experimental design covers two music speeds (fast and slow) and two music modes (major and minor). The emotions of each subject were measured by the Chinese Emotional Adjective Checklist (CMACL), and subjected to descriptive analysis and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) on SPSS 10.0. The results show that the music speed has a significant impact on the emotions of college students, while the music mode does not have a significant effect; slow music is easy to induce negative emotions among college students, namely, sadness, pain, irritability and resentment, while fast music often leads to positive emotions like pleasure and excitement; the emotions induced by the two music speeds differ greatly under the major mode, but slightly under the minor mode. The research results shed new light on the emotional regulation of college students. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved)