Title

Music’s Use for Anesthesia and Analgesia

Journal

The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Year

2013

Abstract

This review article provides an overview of published data regarding the involvement of music in anesthesia practice. Music is an important topic for research in different fields of anesthesiology. The use of music preoperatively is aimed at reducing anxiety, stress, and fear. However, the effect of music on perception of pain intraoperatively is controversial, according to studies of both adults and children undergoing various surgical procedures under general and/or regional anesthesia. In postoperative pain management, postanesthesia care, and neonatal intensive care, music can be a complementary method for reducing pain, anxiety, and stress. Music is a mild anxiolytic, but it is relatively ineffective when a pain stimulus is severe. However, music is inexpensive, easily administered, and free of adverse effects, and as such, can serve as complementary method for treating perioperative stress and for acute and chronic pain management, even though music’s effectiveness depends on each individual patient’s disposition and severity of pain stimulus. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Music and Health Institute Terms

Acute Pain; Adverse Effects; Anesthesia; Anxiety; Children; Chronic Pain; Hospital Setting; Infants; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Newborn Infants; Pain Management and Control; Pain; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Recorded Music Listening; Stress; Surgery; Surgical Patients

Indexed Terms

anesthesia; analgesia; pain perception; pain management; stimulus parameters; perioperative stress; Anxiety; Critical Care; Postoperative Pain; Perception; Perioperative Care; Postoperative Complications; Stress; Anesthesia (Feeling); Therapeutic Processes; Stress

Study Type

Editorials, Opinions, Position Papers

Disciplines

Anesthesia and Analgesia

PubMed ID

2013-13700-002

Document Type

Article

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