Effects of Listening to Music on the Comfort of Chemotherapy Patients


Western Journal of Nursing Research




The symptoms of an illness that requires chemotherapy and the corresponding effects of such treatment exacerbate the pain and discomfort that patients typically experience. Listening to music may help patients cope with chemotherapy symptoms, thereby contributing to their physical ease and well-being. Seventy patients who were receiving treatment at the outpatient chemotherapy unit were invited to participate in this work. During chemotherapy sessions and the week after the sessions, the patients listened to music with headphones. The occurrence of chemotherapy symptoms such as pain, tiredness, nausea, depression, anxiety, drowsiness, lack of appetite, not feeling well, and shortness of breath in the intervention group was statistically significant after listening to music ( p < .05). Improvements in total general comfort, as well as physical, psychospiritual, and sociocultural comfort, were also statistically significant ( p < .05). These findings indicate that listening to music effectively reduces the severity of chemotherapy symptoms and enhances the comfort of patients receiving the treatment.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Cancer; Chemotherapy; Depression; Discomfort; Discomfort; Invasive Medical Procedures; Medical Office; Mood; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Nausea; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain; Procedural Pain; Quality of Life; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Suffering; Symptom Management

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Drug Therapy; Holistic Nursing; Neoplasms; Pain; Patient Comfort; Surveys and Questionnaires; Turkey; chemotherapy; comfort; listening to music

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods



PubMed ID


Document Type