Efficacy of Music Therapy and Vibroacoustic Therapy for Pain Relief

Elsa Campbell
Esa Ala-Ruona

Abstract

Introduction: Vibroacoustic therapy (VAT) uses low-frequency sinusoidal sound vibration between 20 and 130 Hz often used in music therapy (MT) practice and rehabilitative settings. Case studies highlight its efficacy but the evidence is fragmented. Seinäjoki Central Hospital, Finland, has used VAT systematically for over 15 years. Methods: A total of 35 VAT case studies of patients from Seinäjoki Hospital were assessed using visual analogue scales and thematic content analysis of the case study records. Results are presented according to general well-being, vitality, mood, pain, relaxation, sleep quality, mobility, body temperature and quality of life, with sub-groups according to referral units (e.g. rehabilitation assessment, physiotherapy, neurological polyclinic and psychiatry), reasons for referral and co-morbid symptoms. Case presentation: The results from each sub-group will be presented with a focus on pain relief. Discussion: These results highlight VAT efficacy; however, the evidence is difficult to generalise due to the single case study format. Randomised controlled trials are needed to systematically assess efficacy. Suggestions for future research are made. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]