The Effect of Indian Classical Music on Migraine Episodes in Young Females of Age Group 18 to 23 Years


Music and Medicine (Online)




Music has been known for its soothing effects since ancient times. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of Indian classical music during migraine episodes in young (18 to 23 years) female patients. A standard music playlist was prepared and distributed to the test group of 25 patients. They listened to the music during every migraine attack occurring for a period of 4 months. Questionnaires containing pain scales were administered at 0 month, 2 month and 4 month. The statistical analysis of the responses provided by the patients of the 2 groups (A and B) showed significant differences. The pain intensity during an attack, the duration of an attack and frequency of attacks showed significant decline while alertness after an attack showed considerable improvement in the music group (Group A) subjects. However, subjects of Group B, our non music group, showed no improvement in their migraine symptoms with respect to pain intensity, duration, alertness and frequency of attacks. Our results demonstrate the potential role of Indian classic music as an adjuvant therapy for management of migraine episodes. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

Music and Health Institute Terms

Headache; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Attack Frequency; Pain Duration; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Severity; Pain; Questionnaires; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Pain Management; Women; Indian classical music

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods



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