The Effect of Music Therapy on Postoperative Pain, Heart Rate, Systolic Blood Pressures and Analgesic Use Following Nasal Surgery
Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
The prevalence of unrelieved postoperative pain is high and may lead to adverse effects including prolonged hospitalization and delayed recovery. Distraction may be an effective pain-relieving strategy, and can be implemented by several means including affective imaging, games, and possibly music. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of music therapy on postoperative pain. Fifty-seven patients (24 females, 33 males; mean +/- SD age 39.9 +/- 14.35 years [range 15 to 69 years] were matched for age and sex and then nonselectively assigned to either an experimental (n = 27) or a control (n = 30) group. Music was played intermittently to members of the experimental group during the first 24 hour postoperative period. Pain intensity was measured using the Pain Verbal Rating Scales (VRS). Significant decreases in pain intensity over time were found in the experimental group compared to the control group (p < 0.0001). In addition, the experimental group had a lower systolic blood pressure and heart rate, and took fewer oral analgesics for pain. These findings suggest that music therapy is an effective nonpharmacologic approach for postoperative pain management.
Music and Health Institute Terms
Adolescents; Adverse Effects; Analgesic Intake; Blood Pressure; Elderly; Heart Rate; Hospital Length of Stay; Hospital Setting; Medication Use; Music as Distraction; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Severity; Pain; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Recovery Time; Self-Report Measures; Surgery; Surgical Patients; Vital signs
Acetaminophen; Adolescents; Elderly; Analgesia; Analgesics; Blood Pressure; Diclofenac; Heart Rate; Nose; Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures; Pain Measurement; Postoperative Pain
Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods
Tse, M. M.; Chan, M. F.; and Benzie, I. F., "The Effect of Music Therapy on Postoperative Pain, Heart Rate, Systolic Blood Pressures and Analgesic Use Following Nasal Surgery" (2005). Research on Music and Pain. 93.