Therapeutic Instrumental Music Playing in Hand Rehabilitation for Older Adults with Osteoarthritis: Four Case Studies


Journal of Music Therapy




Presents a study that examines the effects of keyboard playing on the management of hand osteoarthritis in older adults. States that four participants diagnosed with osteoarthritis, who met with an investigator four days a week for approximately 30 minutes to play folk and big band melodies, played on a Yamaha PSR-510 touch-sensitive electronic keyboard for 20 minutes each session. Notes that evaluation included pre and post-study occupational therapy measures of finger pinch meter and range of motion. Reports that two participants recorded significant decreases in arthritic discomfort after playing, while three participants showed significant improvement in finger velocity and hence, finger strength/dexterity due to treatment. Relates that participants enjoyed the treatment with enjoyment ratings of three or higher on a five-point Likert scale. Includes charts and references.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Elderly; Functional Assessments; Functional Status; Joint Pain; Likert Scale; Music Therapy; Osteoarthritis; Pain; Playing an Instrument; Recreative Music Methods; Self-Report Measures

Indexed Terms

Electric Keyboard; Arthritis; Analysis; Experiments; Pain Management

Study Type

Quasi-Experimental Study; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type