Effects of Music During Multiple Cesarean Section Delivery


Journal of The College of Physicians and Surgeons




This experimental study was conducted to determine the level of anxiety in women undergoing multiple cesarean section. Sixty multiple cesarean section referrals were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control groups. Data was collected at the Karaman Public Health Hospital in Turkey, from June 2015 to June 2016. Songs chosen earlier by the patients were played during the cesarean section procedure for the experimental group. The control group was studied without music. Data was collected using a questionnaire form, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to determine the anxiety levels. The t-test and chi-square test were used to analyse statistically significant differences between the groups. The VAS scores before and during the procedure showed significantly lower scores for the experimental group, compared to the control group (p

Music and Health Institute Terms

Anxiety; Anxiety Scales; Childbirth; Hospital Setting; Hospitalized Patients; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Obstetrical/Gynecological Surgery; Pain; Pain Score or Rating; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Procedural Pain; Questionnaires; Recorded Music Listening; Self-Report Measures; Surgery; Surgical Patients; Visual Analog Scale (VAS)

Indexed Terms

Pregnancy; Anxiety; Pain Measurement; Preoperative Care; Stress; Turkey; Visual Analog Scale; Anxiety; Cesarean Section; Maternal Behavior; Preoperative Care

Study Type

Randomized Controlled Trial; Quantitative Methods

PubMed ID


Document Type