The Effects of Music Therapy in Patients Undergoing Septorhinoplasty Surgery Under General Anesthesia


Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology




INTRODUCTION: Music has been used for several years as a relaxation method to reduce stress and anxiety. It is a painless, safe, inexpensive and practical nonpharmacologic therapeutic modality, widely used all over the world. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effect of music therapy on intraoperative awareness, patient satisfaction, awakening pain and waking quality in patients undergoing elective septorhinoplasty under general anesthesia. METHODS: This randomized, controlled, prospective study was conducted with 120 patients undergoing septorhinoplasty within a 2 months period. The patients were randomly selected and divided into two groups: group music (music during surgery) and control group (without music during surgery). All patients underwent standard general anesthesia. Patients aged 18-70 years who would undergo a planned surgery under general anesthesia were included. Patients who had emergency surgery, hearing or cognitive impairment, were excluded from the study. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients were enrolled, and separated into two groups. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of demographic characteristics, anesthesia and surgery durations (p>0.05). In the music group, sedation agitation scores were lower than those in the control group at the postoperative period (3.76±1.64 vs. 5.11±2.13; p<0.001). In addition; in patients of the music group, the pain level (2.73±1.28 vs. 3.61±1.40) was lower (p<0.001), requiring less analgesic drugs intake. CONCLUSION: Music therapy, which is a nonpharmacologic intervention, is an effective method, without side effects, leading to positive effects in the awakening, hemodynamic parameters and analgesic requirements in the postoperative period. It is also effective in reducing the anxiety and intraoperative awareness episodes of surgical patients.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Adolescents; Anxiety; Elderly; Hospital Setting; Mental Health; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Management and Control; Pain Score or Rating; Patient Satisfaction; Postoperative Pain; Postoperative Patients; Recorded Music Listening; Stress; Surgery; Surgical Patients

Indexed Terms

Adolescents; Elderly; Anesthesia, General; Anxiety; Postoperative Pain; Prospective Studies; Anestesia geral; Dor; General anesthesia; Pain; Postoperative recovery; Recuperação pós-operatória; Terapia musical

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

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