Effect of Home-based Music Intervention Versus Ambient Music on Breast Cancer Survivors in the Community: A Feasibility Study in Taiwan


European Journal of Cancer Care




To explore the effects of home-based music intervention (HBMI) on symptom severity, pain intensity and perceived fatigue among patients with breast cancer. In this randomised controlled trial, patients with breast cancer were randomly assigned into an HBMI or control group. The HBMI group was administered 24-week HBMI involving five 30-min sessions per week. The primary outcome was symptom severity; the secondary outcomes were pain and fatigue. A generalised estimating equation was employed to compare the effects after 6, 12 and 24 weeks of intervention between the two groups. A total of 60 patients were recruited. After 6, 12 and 24 weeks, HBMI significantly reduced symptom severity, pain intensity, overall fatigue, general fatigue, emotional fatigue and vigour (p < 0.05). Additionally, HBMI significantly reduced physical fatigue after 6 (p = 0.003) and 12 (p = 0.013) weeks and mental fatigue after 6 weeks (p = 0.001). After 6, 12 and 24 weeks, HBMI reduced symptom severity, pain intensity and overall fatigue. Furthermore, HBMI instantaneously reduced physical and mental fatigue. We recommend that HBMI be administered to patients with breast cancer to reduce their negative thoughts associated with cancer.

Music and Health Institute Terms

Breast Cancer; Cancer; Community Center; Fatigue; Home Setting; Mood; Mood Scales; Music Listening; Music Medicine; Pain; Pain Score or Rating; Pain Severity; Psychological Outcomes; Recorded Music Listening; Symptom Management

Indexed Terms

Elderly; Breast Neoplasms; Cancer Pain; Cancer Survivors; Double-Blind Method; Fatigue; Home Care Services; Mental Fatigue; Pain Measurement; breast cancer; fatigue; music intervention; pain; randomised controlled trial; symptom severity

Study Type

Quantitative Methods; Randomized Controlled Trial

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Document Type